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Marco Salerno Write a Message

Research Technologist


Materials Characterization


via Morego 30
+39 010 71781 444

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Marco Salerno did his M.Sc. work in Physics at the University of Pisa in 1993, on AFM measurements of surface friction of piezoceramics and biomolecular patterns. Between 1995 and 1998 MS worked on the development of a low-end, Neural-Network-driven AFM at the Scientific and Technological Park of Elba Island (Leghorn). MS received his Ph.D. for SNOM investigations of Plasmons in gold nanoparticles at the University of Graz (Austria) in 2002. In 2003 MS was a postdoc in electrochemical STM of Metalloproteins at the University of Modena. From 2004 to 2006 MS has fabricated and characterized patterned substrates for OLEDs and polymer DFB lasers, as a researcher of the National Nanotechnology Lab in Lecce. MS has been Team Leader of the SPM Lab of IIT in the period 2007-2011, and since January 2012 he is Research Technologist. MS current research interests are in nanoindentation, dental composites and implants, and nanoporous alumina.



Currently Marco Salerno is not taking part in any project funded by external sources. He is involved in the following research activities based on IIT institutional fundings:

# nanoporous metal oxides

Anodic porous alumina (APA) is grown on top of an aluminum foil in an electrochemical cell placed inside a thermostat. Due to the peculiar surface morphology the material has a wide range of applications: as a template for replica patterning of soft organic films or for electrochemical growth of metal nanowires; as a solid matrix for peculiar nanocomposites, after embedding nanoparticles into the pores; as an electrode for biosensors, e.g. by SERS, possibly after functionalization by proper biomolecules; as a rough substrate for the growth of cells. More recently anodic porous titania (APT) fabrication has also been started, which can find application in biomedical permanent implants.

* Main instruments used: EC setup, Materials-AFM, SERS setup.
* Main collaborators:
Wojciech Stepniowski (MUT Warsaw), Silvia Dante, Andrea Reverberi (UniGE).


# Dental restorative composites and implants

Different micro- and nano-particulate materials, such as e.g. silica, titania, alumina, are blended in a traditional (Bis-GMA based) resin, and photo-cured. Variation in the mechanical and thermal properties due to the filler loading is investigated, also with respect to aging.

* Main instruments used: Materials-AFM, DMA (Material Design and Characterization Lab), SEM-EDS (Electron Microscopy Lab, Nanochemistry Dept)
* Main collaborators:
Giacomo Derchi (dentist), Alice Scarpellini (Nanochemistry).


# Neuronal substrate patterns

Characterization and support to fabrication of adhesion protein patterns as well as other positive/negative neuronal cues, e.g. by direct writing with a Nanoarrayer. Strategies to optimize cell adhesion. Imaging od functional substrates by SKPM mode of AFM.

* Main instruments used: Materials-AFM, Nanoarrayer.
* Main collaborators:
Silvia Dante, Claudio Canale.

Selected Publications

  1. "Advanced Image Analysis of the Surface Pattern Emerging in Ni3Al Intermetallic Alloys on Anodization", M. Salerno, W. Stepniowski, G. Cieslak, M. Norek, M. Michalska-Domanska, K. Karczewski, P. Chilimoniuk, W. Polkowski, P. Józwik, Z. Bojar, Frontiers in Materials, DOI: 10.3389/fmats.2016.00034 (2016), IF=not yet assigned, TC=0.
  2. "The influence of electrolyte composition on the growth of nanoporous anodic alumina", W.J. Stepniowski, M. Moneta, M. Norek, M. Michalska-Domanska, A. Scarpellini, M. Salerno, Electrochimica Acta 211, 453–460 (2016), IF=4.5, TC=0.
  3. "Electrospun polyvinyl alcohol/pectin composite nanofibers", N. Patra, M. Salerno, M. Cernik, Chapter 22 in book ‘Electrospun nanofibers’, Elsevier (2016).
  4. "Fabrication of Gold-Coated Ultra-Thin Anodic Porous Alumina Substrates for Augmented SERS", C. Toccafondi, R. Proietti, S. Dante, M. Salerno, Materials 9, 403-414 (2016), IF=2.7, TC=0.
  5. "Inorganic Nanoparticles Synthesis by an Aerosol-Assisted Wet Chemical Method", A.P. Reverberi, M. Salerno, B. Fabiano, Chemical Engineering Transactions  47, 115‑120 (2016), IF=1.0, TC=0.
  6. "Electrochemical Fabrication of Anodic Nanoporous Titania for Photocatalytic Degradation of Pollutants", A. Shayganpour, A.P. Reverberi, M. Salerno, B. Fabiano, Chemical Engineering Transactions 47, 301‑306 (2016), IF=1.0, TC=0.
  7. "Fractal analysis of inter-particle interaction forces in gold nanoparticle aggregates", M.H. Abdellatif, G.N. Abdelrasoul, M. Salerno, I. Liakos, A. Scarpellini, S. Marras, A. Diaspro, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 497, 225–232 (2016), IF=2.7, TC=0.
  8. "Systematical analysis of chemical methods in metal nanoparticle synthesis", A. P. Reverberi, N. T. Kuznetsov, V. P. Meshalkin, M. Salerno, B. Fabiano. Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering 50, 63‑70 (2016), IF=0.4, TC=0.
  9. "In-situ electrochemical doping of nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide with indigo carmine organic dye", W. Stępniowski, M. Norek, B. Budner, M. Michalska-Domańska, A. Nowak-Stępniowska, A. Bombalska, M. Kaliszewski, A. Mostek, S. Thorat, M. Salerno, M. Giersig, Z. Bojar, Thin Solid Films 598, 60‑64 (2016), IF=1.8, TC=0.
  10. "Surface morphology and tooth adhesion of an experimental nanostructured dental restorative composite", M. Salerno, P. Loria, G. Matarazzo, F. Tomè, A. Diaspro, R. Eggenhöffner, Materials 9, 203‑210 (2016), IF=2.7, TC=0.
  11. "Electrochemical coating of dental implants with anodic porous titania for enhanced osteointegration", A. Shayganpour, A. Rebaudi, P. Cortella, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno, Beilstein J Nanotechnol 6, 2183‑2192 (2015), IF=2.7, TC=0.
  12. "Effect of Nanoscale Size and Medium on Metal Work Function in Oleylamine-Capped Gold Nanocrystals", M. Abdellatif, S. Ghosh, I. Liakos, A. Scarpellini, S. Marras, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno, J Phys Chem Solids 89, 7‑14 (2016), IF=1.9, TC=0.
  13. "Micromorphological characterization of polymer-oxide nanocomposite thin films by atomic force microscopy and fractal geometry analysis", Ş. Ţălu, N. Patra, M. Salerno, Progress in Organic Coatings 89 ; 50‑56 (2015), IF=2.3, TC=0.
  14. "Thin nanoporous alumina-based SERS platform for single cell sensing", C. Toccafondi, R. La Rocca, A. Scarpellini, M. Salerno, G. Das, S. Dante. Applied Surface Science 351, 738‑745 (2015), IF=2.7, TC=1.
  15. "DPPG liposomes adsorbed on polymer cushions : effect of roughness on amount, surface composition and topography", A. A. Duarte, A. M. Botelho do Rego, M. Salerno, P. A. Ribeiro, N. El Bari, B. Bouchikhi, M. Raposo. J Phys. Chem. B 119, 8544‑8552 (2015), IF=3.3, TC=1.
  16. "Biomedical applications of anodic porous alumina", C. Toccafondi, S. Dante, A. P. Reverberi, M. Salerno, Current Nanoscience, 11, 572‑580 (2015), IF=1.4, TC=0.
  17. "Dentistry on the bridge to nanoscience and nanotechnology", M. Salerno, A. Diaspro. Frontiers in Materials 2, 19:1‑19:10 (2015), IF=?, TC=1.
  18. "Combined characterization of the time response of impression materials via traditional and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy measurements", G. Derchi, E. Manca, A. Shayganpour, A. Barone, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno, Materials 8, 2387‑2399 (2015), IF=1.4, TC=0.
  19. "Durable and Flexible Graphene Composites based on Artists’ Paint for Conductive Paper Applications", J. E. Mates, I. S. Bayer, M. Salerno, P. J. Carroll, Z. Jiang, L. Liu, C. M. Megaridis. Carbon 87, 163‑174 (2015), IF=6.2, TC=0.
  20. "Fabrication of nanowires and nanotubes by anodic alumina template assisted electrodeposition", W. J. Stępniowski and M. Salerno. Book Chapter in ‘Manufacturing Nanostructures’, W.Ahmed and N.Ali, ISBN 9781910086070, One Central Press (2015).
  21. "Surface microstructure of dental implants pre and post insertion: an in vitro study by means of scanning probe microscopy", M. Salerno, A. Itri, M. Frezzato, A. Rebaudi. Implant Dentistry 24, 248‑255 (2015), IF=1.1, TC=1.
  22. "Multifractal characterization of a dental restorative composite after air-polishing", S. Talu, S. Stach, S. Florin Alb, M. Salerno. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals 71, 7‑13 (2015), IF=1.5, TC=2.
  23. "Decomposition of Cyclohexane on Ni3Al Thin Foil Intermetallic Catalyst", P. Jóźwik, M. Salerno, W. J. Stępniowski, Z. Bojar, K. Krawczyk. Materials 7, 7039‑7044 (2014), IF=1.8, TC=1.
  24. "Thin Substrates of Anodic Porous Alumina for Living Cells Sensing", C. Toccafondi, R. La Rocca, G. Das, S. Dante, M. Salerno. AAC 2014 Proceedings 1 (2014), IF=0, TC=2.
  25. "Advanced morphological analysis of patterns of thin anodic porous alumina", C. Toccafondi, W. Stêpniowski, M. Leoncini, M. Salerno. Mater Character 94, 26‑36 (2014), IF=1.9, TC=3.
  26. "Taguchi method optimization of wax production from pyrolysis of waste polypropylene", N. Mishra, N. Patra, S. Pandey, M. Salerno, M. Sharon, M. Sharon. J Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 117, 885‑892 (2014), IF=2.2, TC=1.
  27. "Multifunctional substrates of thin porous alumina for cell biosensors", C. Toccafondi, S. Thorat, R. La Rocca, A. Scarpellini, M. Salerno, S. Dante, G. Das. J Mater Sci: Mater Med 25, 2411‑2420 (2014), IF=2.4, TC=7.
  28. "High resolution imaging of native wheat and potato starch granules based on local mechanical contrast", M. Salerno, A. Zukowska, S. Thorat, R. Ruffilli, M. Stasiak, M. Molenda, Journal of Food Engineering 128, 96‑102 (2014), IF=2.3, TC=1.
  29. "In-vitro investigation of coupling agent free dental restorative composite based on nano porous alumina fillers", S. Thorat, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno, J. Dentistry 42, 269‑276 (2014), IF=3.2, TC=11.
  30. "Sensitivity of Aspergillus nidulans to the Cellulose Synthase Inhibitor Dichlobenil: Insights from Wall‑related Genes’ Expression and Ultrastructural Hyphal Morphologies", G. Guerriero, L. Silvestrini, M. Obersriebnig, M. Salerno, D. Pum, J. Strauss, PLoS One 8, e80038_1‑e80038_12 (2013), IF=3.7, TC=0.
  31. "Nano-volume drop patterning for rapid on-chip neuronal connect-ability assays", A. Petrelli, E. Marconi, M. Salerno, D. De Pietri Tonelli, L. Berdondini, S. Dante, Lab on a Chip 13, 4419‑4429 (2013), IF=5.7, TC=7.
  32. “Microstructure of Titanium‑Cement‑Lithium Disilicate Interface in CAD‑CAM Dental Implant Crowns: A Three‑Dimensional Profilometric Analysis“, S. Cresti, A. Itri, A. Rebaudi, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno, Clin. Implant Dent. Relat. Res. (2013), DOI 10.1111/cid.12133, IF=3.8, TC=4.
  33. “Adhesion and Proliferation of Osteoblast-like Cells on Anodic Porous Alumina Substrates with Different Morphology“, M. Salerno, F. Caneva‑Soumetz, L. Pastorino, N. Patra, A. Diaspro, C. Ruggiero, IEEE Trans. Nanobiosci. 12, 106‑111 (2013), IF=1.3, TC=15.
  34. “Surfactant-Induced Thermomechanical and Morphological Changes in TiO2-Polystyrene Nanocomposites"; N. Patra, M. Salerno, P. Cozzoli, A. Athanassiou, J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 405, 103‑108 (2013), IF=3.2, TC=7.
  35. “A new quantitative experimental approach to investigate single cell adhesion on multifunctional substrates"; C. Canale, A. Petrelli, M. Salerno, A. Diaspro, S. Dante; Biosensors and Bioelectronics 48, 172‑179 (2013), IF=5.6, TC=10.
  36. “Comparative Study of Loading of Anodic Porous Alumina with Silver Nanoparticles Using Different Methods"; S. Thorat, A. Diaspro, A. Scarpellini, M. Povia, M. Salerno; Materials 6, 206‑216 (2013), IF=1.7, TC=8.
  37. “Cobalt cementation in ethanol-water system: kinetics and morphology of metal aggregates"; C. Larosa, M. Salerno, P. Nanni, A. Reverberi; Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 51, 16564‑16572 (2012), IF=2.2, TC=1.
  38. “Solvent-free covalent functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and nanodiamond with diamines: Looking for cross-linking effects"; E. Basiuk, V. Basiuk, V. Meza-Laguna, F. Contreras-Torres, M. Martinez, A. Rojas-Aguilar, M. Salerno, G. Zavala, A. Falqui, R. Brescia; Applied Surface Science 259, 465‑476 (2012), IF=2.1, TC=9.
  39. “Surface enhanced Raman scattering substrate based on gold-coated anodic porous alumina template"; G. Das, N. Patra, A. Gopalakrishanan, R. P. Zaccaria, A. Toma, S. Thorat, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno; Microelectron. Engin. 97, 383‑386 (2012), IF=1.6, TC=13.
  40. “Effect of alumina reinforcing fillers in BisGMA based resin composites for dental applications"; S. Thorat, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno; Advanced Materials Letters 4, 15‑21 (2013), IF=2.1, TC=5.
  41. “Preparation and characterization of BisGMA resin dental restorative composites with glass, silica and titania fillers"; S. Thorat, N. Patra, R. Ruffilli, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno, Dental Materials Journal 31, 635 (2012), IF=0.9, TC=9.
  42. “Improved estimation of contact compliance via atomic force microscopy using a calibrated cantilever as a reference"; M. Salerno; Measurement 45, 2103‑2113 (2012), IF=0.8, TC=2.
  43. “Anodic porous alumina: a bioscaffold with drug delivery capabilities"; M. Salerno and S. Thorat, 13th Ceramics, Cells and Tissues - Faenza 2011, 171‑178 (2012), IF=0, TC=3.
  44. “Thermal and mechanical characterization of PMMA nanocomposites filled with TiO2 nanorods"; N. Patra, M. Salerno, P. Cozzoli, A. Barone, L. Ceseracciu, F. Pignatelli, R. Carzino, L. Marini, A. Athanassiou; Composites B, 43 (2012) 3114‑3119, IF=1.7, TC=10.
  45. “Magnetic Force Microscopy and Energy Loss Imaging of Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles"; B. Torre, G. Bertoni, D. Fragouli, A. Falqui, M. Salerno, A. Diaspro, R. Cingolani, A. Athanassiou, Scientific Reports 1, 202 (2011), IF=2.9, TC=7.
  46. “Fabrication of large-area ordered and reproducible nanostructures for SERS biosensor application"; G. Das, N. Patra, A. Gopalakrishnan, R. Proietti, A. Toma, S. Thorat, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, M. Salerno, Analyst 137, 1785‑1792 (2012), IF=3.9, TC=40.
  47. “Atomic force microscopy nanoindentation of a dental restorative midifill composite"; M. Salerno, N. Patra, A. Diaspro, Dental Materials 28, 197 (2012), IF=2.9, TC=8.
  48. “Surface morphology and mechanical properties of new-generation flowable resin composites for dental restoration"; M. Salerno, G. Derchi, S. Thorat, L. Ceseracciu, R. Ruffilli, A. Barone; Dental Materials 27, 1221 (2011), IF=2.9, TC=40.
  49. “Improvement of thermal stability of PMMA by incorporation of colloidal TiO2 nanorods"; N. Patra, M. Salerno, M. Malerba, P. Cozzoli, A. Athanassiou; Polymer Degradation and Stability 96, 1377 (2011), IF=2.1, TC=15.
  50. “Effect of solvents on the dynamic viscoelastic behavior of PMMA film prepared by solvent casting"; N. Patra, M. Salerno, A. Diaspro, A. Athanassiou; J. Mater. Sci. 46, 5044 (2011), IF=1.5, TC=8.
  51. “Large‑scale lithography‑free fabrication of SERS substrates by gold coating of APA"; M. Salerno, G. Das, N. Patra, A. Toma, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Diaspro, 13th National Conference ‘Fotonica’ - Genova 2011, 1‑4 (2011), IF=0, TC=0.
  52. “Combined effect of polishing on surface morphology and elastic properties of a commercial dental restorative resin composite"; M. Salerno, N. Patra, G. Derchi, A. Diaspro; Science of Advanced Materials 4, 126 (2012), IF=2.0, TC=6.
  53. “Study of dynamic viscoelastic behavior of PS films on addition of OLAC"; N. Patra, M. Salerno, A. Diaspro, A. Athanassiou; Microelectron. Eng. 88, 1849 (2011), IF=1.6, TC=9.
  54. “Nanocomposites of Poly(methyl methacrylate) and Brookite Titania Nanorods"; N. Patra, A. Barone, M. Salerno, G. Caputo, A. Athanassiou; book Chapter of “Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications”, A.K. Haghi, A.K. Zachariah, N.Kalariakkal, Apple Academic Press (2011), IF=0, TC=0.
  55. “Biomaterials for the programming of cell growth in oral tissues: The possible role of APA"; M. Salerno, L. Giacomelli, C. Larosa; Bioinformation 5, 292 (2011), IF=1.0, TC=7.
  56. “Anodization of aluminium coated atomic force microscopy microcantilevers for conversion of the coating into nanoporous alumina"; M. Salerno, N. Patra, A. Diaspro, Microelectron. Eng. 88, 2383‑2385 (2011), IF=1.6, TC=3.
  57. “Solvent effects on the thermal and mechanical properties of PMMA casted from concentrated solutions"; N. Patra, A. Barone, M. Salerno; Adv. Polym. Tech. 30, 12 (2011), IF=0.8, TC=12.
  58. “Atomic force microscopy in vitro study of surface roughness and fractal character of a dental restoration composite after air-polishing"; M. Salerno, L. Giacomelli, G. Derchi, N. Patra, A. Diaspro; Biomed. Eng. Online 9, 59 (2010), IF=1.6, TC=30.
  59. “Effect of air polishing with glycine and bicarbonate powders on a nanocomposite used in dental restoration: an in vitro study”; L. Giacomelli, M. Salerno, G. Derchi, A. Genovesi, P. Paganin, U. Covani; Int. J. Period. Restor. Dent. 31, e51 (2011), IF=1.1, TC=8.
  60. “Calibration issues for nanoindentation experiments: Direct atomic force microscopy measurements and indirect methods"; A. Barone, M. Salerno, N. Patra, D. Gastaldi, E. Bertarelli, D. Carnelli, P. Vena; Microsc. Res. Tech. 73, 996 (2010), IF=1.9, TC=16.
  61. “Local increase in stiffness of agarose gel layer by patterning with polylysine measured via atomic force microscopy"; M. Salerno, S. Dante, N. Patra; J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mat. 3, 425 (2010), IF=3.2, TC=4.
  62. “Use of unconventional organic acids as anodization electrolytes for fabrication of porous alumina"; N. Patra, M. Salerno, R. Losso, R. Cingolani; IEEE Nano2009 Proc., 567 (2009), IF=0, TC=3.
  63. “Directional enhancement of refractive index and tunable wettability of polymeric coatings due to preferential dispersion of colloidal TiO2 nanorods towards their surface"; F. Pignatelli, R. Carzino, M. Salerno, M. Scotto, C. Canale, M. Distaso, F. Rizzi, G. Caputo, P. D. Cozzoli, R. Cingolani, A. Athanassiou; Thin Solid Films 518, 4425 (2010), IF=1.7, TC=11.
  64. “Use of Ionic Liquid in Fabrication, Characterization and Processing of Anodic Porous Alumina"; M. Salerno, N. Patra, R. Cingolani; Nanoscale Research Letters 4, 865 (2009), IF=2.9, TC=13.
  65. “Increased growth rate of anodic porous alumina by use of ionic liquid as electrolyte additive"; M. Salerno, N. Patra, R. Losso, R. Cingolani; Materials Letters 63, 1826 (2009), IF=1.9, TC=13.
  66. “Growth cone 3‑D morphology is modified by distinct micropatterned adhesion substrates"; M.Messa, C.Canale, E.Marconi, R.Cingolani, M.Salerno, F.Benfenati; IEEE Trans.Nanobiosci. 8, 161 (2009), IF=1.7, TC=10.
  67. “Reversibly Light-Switchable Wettability of Hybrid Organic/Inorganic Surfaces With Dual Micro/Nanoscale Roughness”; G.Caputo, B.Cortese, C.Nobile, M.Salerno, R.Cingolani, G.Gigli, D.Cozzoli, and A.Athanassiou; Advanc.Funct.Mater. 19, 1149 (2009), IF=7.0, TC=59.
  68. “Thermal and Mechanical Characterization of PMMA‑TiO2 Nanocomposites”; N. Patra, A. Barone, M.Salerno, G.Caputo, D.Cozzoli, A.Athanassiou; Advanced Mater. Res. 67, 209 (2009), IF=0.2, TC=11.
  69. “High throughput electron beam lithography on insulating substrates for photonic devices”; M. Salerno, R. Cingolani; J. Micromechanics Microengin. 17, 2414 (2007), IF=1.9, TC=9.
  70. “Laser action from sugar-threaded polyrotaxane”; M. Mróz, S. Perissinotto, G. Lanzani, T. Virgili, G. Gigli, M. Salerno, M. Frampton, H. Anderson; Appl. Phys. Lett. , 95, 031108 (2009), IF=3.6, TC=11.
  71. “Ultrafast Photonics in Polymer Nanostructures”, M.Carvelli, G.Lanzani, S.Perissinotto, M. Zavelani‑Rossi, G.Gigli, M.Salerno, L.Troisi. Book chapter of “Ultrafast Dynamics and Laser Action of Organic Semiconductors”, Zeev Valy Vardeny, CRC Press (2009), IF=0, TC=0.
  72. “Ultrafast optical modulation of polymer nano-structured lasers”; S. Perissinotto, M. Carvelli, M. Zavelani‑Rossi, G. Lanzani, C. Bertarelli, G. Zerbi, M. Salerno, L. Troisi, G. Gigli; SPIE Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices 7051, F511 (2008), IF=0, TC=0.
  73. “Ultrafast optical switching in distributed feedback polymer laser”; S. Perissinotto, G. Lanzani, M. Zavelani‑Rossi, M. Salerno, G. Gigli; Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191108 (2007), IF=3.6, TC=24.
  74.  “Effects of morphology and optical contrast in organic distributed feedback lasers”; M. Salerno, G. Gigli, M. Zavelani‑Rossi, S. Perissinotto, G. Lanzani; Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111110 (2007), IF=3.6, TC=21.
  75. “Laser dynamics in organic distributed feedback lasers”; M. Zavelani‑Rossi, S. Perissinotto, G. Lanzani, M. Salerno, G. Gigli; Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 110815 (2006), IF=4.0, TC=18.
  76. “Analysis and control of the active area scaling effect on White OLEDs towards lighting applications”; C. Piliego, M. Mazzeo, M. Salerno, A. Moro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli; Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 103514 (2006), IF=4.0, TC=19.
  77. “Multifunctional platinum porphyrin dendrimers as emitters in undoped phosphorescent based light emitting devices”; Y. Li, A. Rizzo, M. Salerno, M. Mazzeo, C. Huo, Y. Wang, K. Li, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli; Applied Physics Letters 89, 061125 (2006), IF=4.0, TC=35.
  78. “Optical gain in fluorenyl-thiophene co-oligomer thin films”; S. Lattante, M. Anni, M. Salerno, L. Lagonigro, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli; Optical Materials 28, 1072 (2006), IF=1.7, TC=3.
  79. “Mapping Adhesion Forces and Calculating Elasticity in Contact-Mode AFM”; M. Salerno, I. Bykov; European Microscopy and Analysis 20, S5 (2006), IF=0, TC=19.
  80. “Surface morphology and optical properties of thin films of thiophene-based binary blends”; M.Salerno, R.I.R. Blyth, J.Thompson, R.Cingolani, G.Gigli; J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013512 (2005), IF=2.5, TC=1.
  81. “Near-field spectroscopy of phase segregation in white-light-emitting blends based on low mass molecules”; M.Salerno, M. Mazzeo, M. Frassanito, S. Patanè, R. Cingolani, G. Gigli; Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 081907 (2005), IF=4.1, TC=4.
  82. “Coating of tips for electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy by means of silicon, magnesium and tungsten oxides”; M. Salerno; Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 093703 (2010), IF=1.5, TC=0.
  83. “Single-metalloprotein wet biotransistor”; A. Alessandrini, M. Salerno, S. Frabboni, P. Facci; Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 133902 (2005), IF=4.1, TC=73.
  84. “Minkowski Measures for Image Analysis in Scanning Probe Microscopy”; M. Salerno, M. Banzato; European Microscopy and Analysis 19, 13‑15 (2005), IF=0, TC=5.
  85. “The optical near‑field of gold nanoparticle chains”; M. Salerno, J. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, A. Leitner, F. Aussenegg; Opt. Comm. 248, 543‑549 (2005), IF=1.5, TC=68.
  86. “Plasmon polaritons in metal nanostructures: the opto‑electronic route to nanotechnology”; M Salerno, J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, H. Ditlbacher, N. Félidj, A. Leitner, F. Aussenegg; Optoel. Rev. 10, 217‑224 (2002), IF=0.5, TC=78.
  87. “Non diffraction limited light transport by gold nanowires”; J. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, H. Ditlbacher, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, F. Aussenegg; Europhys. Lett. 60, 663‑669 (2002), IF=2.4, TC=243.
  88. “Fluorescence imaging of surface plasmon fields”; H. Ditlbacher, J. Krenn, N. Félidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, M. Salerno, A. Leitner, F. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 404‑406 (2002), IF=4.2, TC=225.
  89. “Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering”; N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, F. Aussenegg; Phys. Rev. B. 65, 075419 1‑9 (2002), IF=3.3, TC=338.
  90. “Light field propagation by metal micro- and nanostructures”; J. Krenn, M. Salerno, N. Félidj, B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, A. Leitner, F. Aussenegg, J. C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. P. Goudonnet; J. Microsc. 202, 122‑128 (2001), IF=1.5, TC=59.
  91. “Surface plasmon propagation in microscale metal stripes”; B.Lamprecht, J.Krenn, G.Schider, H.Ditlbacher, M.Salerno, N.Félidj, A.Leitner, F.Aussenegg, J.C. Weeber; Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 51‑53 (2001), IF=3.8, TC=334.
  92. “Near‑field optical response of a two‑dimensional grating of gold nanoparticles”; M. Salerno, N. Félidj, J. Krenn, A. Leitner, F. Aussenegg, J. C. Weeber; Phys. Rev. B 63, 165422 1‑6 (2001), IF=3.1, TC=42.
  93. “SERS studies and Near‑Field optical response of lithographically designed MNPs”; N.Félidj, M.Salerno, B.Lamprecht, J.Krenn, A.Leitner, F.Aussenegg, J.Aubard, G.Lévi; Proc.Surface Raman, Xiamen Univ.Press, 107‑109 (2000), IF=0, TC=0.
  94. “Towards a Neural Networks based AFM”; M. Salerno, M. Sartore, C. Nicolini; Probe Microscopy 1, 333 (1999), IF=0, TC=7.
  95. “Comparative studies on Langmuir-Schaefer films of polyanilines“; M. K. Ram, M. Adami, M. Sartore, M. Salerno, S. Paddeu, C. Nicolini; Synthetic Metals 100, 249‑259 (1999), IF=1.4, TC=52.
  96. “Physical properties of Polyaniline films assembled by Layer by Layer technique”; M. K. Ram, M. Salerno, M. Adami, P. Faraci, C. Nicolini; Langmuir 15, 1252‑1259 (1999), IF=2.9, TC=98.
  97. “Rechargeable Battery Based on Substituted LS Polyanilines”; M. Ram, M. Adami, M. Sartore, M. Salerno, S. Paddeu, C. Nicolini; 5th Foresight conference on Molecular Nanotech, 1‑12 (1997), IF=0, TC=0.
  98. "Scanning force microscopy of protein patterns"; C. Frediani, M. Allegrini, C. Ascoli, P. Connolly, M. Labardi, G. Moores, E.P. Arnaud, and M. Salerno; Nanotechnology 286, 95‑100 (1995), IF=1.9, TC=2.
  99. "Normal and lateral forces in friction force microscopy"; M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, C. Ascoli, C. Frediani, M. Salerno; NATO ASI Forces in Scanning Probe Methods 286, 319‑324 (1995), IF=0, TC=3.
  100. "Dynamical friction coefficient maps using a scanning force and friction microscope"; M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, M. Salerno, C. Frediani, C. Ascoli; Appl. Phys. A 59, 3‑10 (1994), IF=1.6, TC=42.
  101. "Normal and lateral forces in scanning force microscopy"; C. Ascoli, F. Dinelli, C. Frediani, D. Petracchi, M. Salerno, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, F. Fuso; J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B 12, 1642‑1645 (1994), IF=1.7, TC=28.


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I numeri di IIT

L’Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) è una fondazione di diritto privato - cfr. determinazione Corte dei Conti 23/2015 “IIT è una fondazione da inquadrare fra gli organismi di diritto pubblico con la scelta di un modello di organizzazione di diritto privato per rispondere all’esigenza di assicurare procedure più snelle nella selezione non solo nell’ambito nazionale dei collaboratori, scienziati e ricercatori ”.

IIT è sotto la vigilanza del Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca e del Ministero dell'Economia e delle Finanze ed è stato istituito con la Legge 326/2003. La Fondazione ha l'obiettivo di promuovere l'eccellenza nella ricerca di base e in quella applicata e di favorire lo sviluppo del sistema economico nazionale. La costruzione dei laboratori iniziata nel 2006 si è conclusa nel 2009.

Lo staff complessivo di IIT conta circa 1440 persone. L’area scientifica è rappresentata da circa l’85% del personale. Il 45% dei ricercatori proviene dall’estero: di questi, il 29% è costituito da stranieri provenienti da oltre 50 Paesi e il 16% da italiani rientrati. Oggi il personale scientifico è composto da circa 60 principal investigators, circa 110 ricercatori e tecnologi di staff, circa 350 post doc, circa 500 studenti di dottorato e borsisti, circa 130 tecnici. Oltre 330 posti su 1400 creati su fondi esterni. Età media 34 anni. 41% donne / 59 % uomini.

Nel 2015 IIT ha ricevuto finanziamenti pubblici per circa 96 milioni di euro (80% del budget), conseguendo fondi esterni per 22 milioni di euro (20% budget) provenienti da 18 progetti europei17 finanziamenti da istituzioni nazionali e internazionali, circa 60 progetti industriali

La produzione di IIT ad oggi vanta circa 6990 pubblicazioni, oltre 130 finanziamenti Europei e 11 ERC, più di 350 domande di brevetto attive, oltre 12 start up costituite e altrettante in fase di lancio. Dal 2009 l’attività scientifica è stata ulteriormente rafforzata con la creazione di dieci centri di ricerca nel territorio nazionale (a Torino, Milano, Trento, Parma, Roma, Pisa, Napoli, Lecce, Ferrara) e internazionale (MIT ed Harvard negli USA) che, unitamente al Laboratorio Centrale di Genova, sviluppano i programmi di ricerca del piano scientifico 2015-2017.

IIT: the numbers

Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) is a public research institute that adopts the organizational model of a private law foundation. IIT is overseen by Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca and Ministero dell'Economia e delle Finanze (the Italian Ministries of Education, Economy and Finance).  The Institute was set up according to Italian law 326/2003 with the objective of promoting excellence in basic and applied research andfostering Italy’s economic development. Construction of the Laboratories started in 2006 and finished in 2009.

IIT has an overall staff of about 1,440 people. The scientific staff covers about 85% of the total. Out of 45% of researchers coming from abroad 29% are foreigners coming from more than 50 countries and 16% are returned Italians. The scientific staff currently consists of approximately 60 Principal Investigators110 researchers and technologists350 post-docs and 500 PhD students and grant holders and 130 technicians. External funding has allowed the creation of more than 330 positions . The average age is 34 and the gender balance proportion  is 41% female against 59% male.

In 2015 IIT received 96 million euros in public funding (accounting for 80% of its budget) and obtained 22 million euros in external funding (accounting for 20% of its budget). External funding comes from 18 European Projects, other 17 national and international competitive projects and approximately 60 industrial projects.

So far IIT accounts for: about 6990 publications, more than 130 European grants and 11 ERC grants, more than 350 patents or patent applications12 up start-ups and as many  which are about to be launched. The Institute’s scientific activity has been further strengthened since 2009 with the establishment of 11 research nodes throughout Italy (Torino, Milano, Trento, Parma, Roma, Pisa, Napoli, Lecce, Ferrara) and abroad (MIT and Harvard University, USA), which, along with the Genoa-based Central Lab, implement the research programs included in the 2015-2017 Strategic Plan.