Born in 1961.
M.D., University of Bologna, Ph.D. in Neuroscience, University of Parma.
Full Professor of Human Physiology at the University of Ferrara, Center Coordinator IIT@UNIFE
He has a long experience in electrophysiology and neurophysiology in monkeys (single neurons recordings) and humans (transcranial magnetic stimulation, study of spinal excitability, brain imaging, recording of single neurons in awake neurosurgery patients).
Among his contributions:
(1) The description of the functional properties of the monkey ventral premotor cortex where, together with his Parma colleagues, he discovered a class of neurons that respond both when the monkey performs actions and when it observes similar actions made by other individuals (mirror neurons). It has been suggested that these neurons unify perception and action and may contribute to others’ action understanding (Experimental Brian Research, 1992; Brain, 1996; Cognitive Brain Research, 1996).
(2) The first demonstration that a mirror system exists also in humans. He achieved this result by applying transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on the hand motor cortex of human subjects while they were observing others’ actions. He demonstrated that the amplitude of observer’s hand muscle potentials, as evoked by TMS, was specifically and significantly modulated by the observed actions (Journal of Neurophysiology 1995).
(3) The demonstration that a similar motor resonance is activated during speech listening and involves tongue-related motor centres (European Journal of Neuroscience, 2002). He recently further demonstrates that this motor activation evoked by speech listening is functional to speech perception. This result shows for the first time a causal relationship between action representation and perception (Current Biology, 2009).
(4) The first demonstration that, in humans, the frontal area for speech production (Broca’s area) is almost constantly activated by action observation (by several brain imaging experiments carried out in collaboration with San Raffaele Hospital of Milan, USC and UCLA of Los Angeles, HUT of Helsinki, Juelich Brain Imaging Center, Royal Holloway University of London) (Experimental Brain Research 1996).
(5) The very recent demonstration that Broca’s area-activation reflects a primary role played by this area in pragmatically understanding actions of others (Brain, 2009). This finding opens new landscapes on the evolution of the human language.
(6) The study of peripersonal space representation in monkey premotor cortex (Journal of Neurophysiology, 1996; Science, 1997). According to these findings, premotor area F4 contains polimodal neurons (motor, somatosensory and visual) coding the peripersonal space in motor coordinates. This stream of research exerted influence on the understanding of human pathological signs such as the visuotactile extinction following parietal lesions.
Luciano Fadiga is currently leading a group of researchers at the University of Ferrara, where he continues his research on monkey ventral premotor cortex (to elucidate the physiological mechanisms at the basis of mirror neurons visuomotor response) and on humans (by TMS and fMRI, to reveal the link between action representation and language). He coordinated a project on neuro-rehabilitation of stroke patients by action observation.
He is leading a group of researchers at the Italian Institute of Technology to investigate the possibility to establish hardware communication between the human brain and artificial device (cortical interfaces). He is actively involved in researches on human-human and human-robot interaction, from speech recognition to action understanding. Other fields of his research concern attention and its neural mechanisms in normal subjects and patients.
Luciano Fadiga is reviewer of many international journals in the field of Neuroscience and associated editor of some of them, he was principal investigator in CNR projects on reaching-grasping, he is actually responsible of European Projects on action and speech recognition and control, he was co-investigator in Human Frontier Science Program and McDonnel-Pew funded projects, he published more than 80 peer-reviewed publications on international Journals. His work has received more than 25,000 citations (H-Index, 50).