The Nanomaterials Research Domain is built on expertise in materials science and nanotechnology and on IIT’s unique interdisciplinary environment. Research will focus on four priorities. The first one aims to develop materials and nanotechnologies to improve the quality of both our life and environment. To mitigate the increasing environmental impact of human activities in the medium to long term, it is pivotal to establish materials and processes that are environmentally friendly in their consumption of energy, material resources, waste generation, and potential toxicity. Among the various strategies pursued by IIT, two particularly important goals are to use organic waste to generate new biodegradable goods with useful physical properties and to develop new technologies to remediate water and preserve food. We also use two-dimensional (2D) materials to create a new class of composites with improved mechanical, thermal, barrier and anti-bacterial properties. A second priority is to develop materials and nanotechnologies for medicine and healthcare. In particular, we develop solutions for low-cost, high-sensitivity diagnostic kits based on plasmon technologies, and novel multifunctional nanostructures for intelligent drug delivery. The third priority is focused on energy. We develop materials to harvest, convert, and store energy. In this pillar we develop innovative solutions based on 2D materials for energy storage (batteries and supercapacitors) and conversion (photovoltaics). We also explore processes and nanotechnologies to capture carbon dioxide and convert it into valuable chemicals. The fourth and final priority deals with curiosity-driven research into new materials such as colloidal nanostructures and artificial 2D crystal heterostructures. The 2D materials research is carried out in the framework of the Graphene FET Flagship program..