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Printed and Molecular Electronics

Printed and Molecular Electronics

The Printed and Molecular Electronics (PME) group was officially created in 2014, under the guidance of Mario Caironi, inheriting the experience of his printed electronics team active at Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia  from 2010. PME operates at the Center for Nano Science and Technology @PoliMi (CNST) of the IIT in Milan. PME aims at improving the knowledge on the electronic and optoelectronic properties of solution-processable semiconductors, in particular conjugated organic materials, and at taking full advantage of their printability in order to deliver applications in the large-area and flexible electronics fields. PME group is therefore interested in clarifying charge injection and transport properties in thin films of semiconducting conjugated molecules and polymers, but also in blends and organic-inorganic hybrid semiconductors, in order to build a rationale allowing engineers to control these properties in electronic devices such as field-effect transistors, photodetectors, thermoelectric generators and biosensors. PME group is leading the development of printed organic electronics operating at high frequency, greatly expanding its applications. More recently, PME has been active in shaping the field of edible electronics, aiming at developing non-toxic edible electronic systems for the healthcare and food safety that are digested or even metabolized in the body after performing their function. Such activities complement its efforts in organic bioelectronics, where PME aims at large-area devices for rapid diagnostic and point-of-care applications.
PME activity therefore spans from the investigation of fundamental properties, where it is led by curiosity, to applications, which is PME final goal.

Laboratories

Laboratories

PME Group lab facilities are hosted at the Center for Nano Science and Technology of Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Milan. The main labs are the WETLAB, the Electrical Characterization lab and the “iLabel” lab.
The WETLAB is a grey room for device manufacturing. It is equipped with fumehoods and gloveboxes. Printing tools for device manufacturing include: two inkjet printers, a super inkjet printer, a bar/knife coater, a slot-die coater, a screen printer. We perform photolithographic processes on plastic at PoliFab, the micro- and nanotechnology center of the “Politecnico di Milano”.
The Electrical Characterization Lab is equipped with everything needed for the full characterization of electronics devices: electrical probe stations in air, nitrogen and vacuum, semiconductor parameter analyzers and a high-frequency prober (up to 10 GHz). Custom setups for thermoelectrics (Seebeck, generator efficiency, out-of-plain thermal conductivity) and photodetectors measurements are present.
The “iLabel” lab hosts the group activities related to the POR FESR 2014-2020 project supported by Regione Lombardia towards the development of a smart label for interactive and eco-friendly packaging. The lab hosts a prototype under development of a roll-to-roll tool for the patterning of high resolution electrodes and electronic devices on plastic.


The group, in collaboration with colleagues at CNST, has also developed a Charge Modulation Micro-Spectroscopy setup to investigate charge carriers transport and relaxation in solution-processed field-effect transistors in operando. 

Highlights

Highlights

Funded Projects

Funded Projects
Ongoing
  • ELFO - Electronic Food: enabling edible electronic systems for biomedical and food monitoring applications. ERC Consolidator Grant 2020-2025
  • ROBOFOOD - The new science and technology of edible robots and robotic food for humans and animals. H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2020 – Starting 2021
  • SiMBiT - Single molecule bio-electronic smart system array for clinical testing. H2020-ICT-07-2018
  • i-LABEL - Etichetta intelligente per il packaging smart ed eco-sostenibile (“Electronic label for smart and environmentally friendly packaging”). POR 2014-2020 FESR – Call Hub Resarch and Innovation
  • IIT-Bracco Joint Lab – Smart Injection Device. Period 2020-2023
  • LEAPh - Light-modulated organic Electrolyte-gAted Phototransistors. Recipient: Giorgio Ernesto Bonacchini. MSCA-IF-2018 / GF
  • HORATES - Hybrid and Organic Thermoelectric Systems. H2020-MSCA-ITN-2020
  • GREENELIT – Twinning for reaching sustainable scientific and technological excellence in the field of Green Electronics. H2020-WIDESPREAD-2018-2020

Completed Project

Completed project
  • HEROIC - High-frequency printed and direct-written Organic-hybrid Integrated Circuits 
    ERC Starting Grant 2015-2019
  • SMART LABEL 
    PON 2014-2016 - Italian Ministry for the Economical Development
    January 2017 – December 2018
  • IPPIA - Inkjet-Printed organic Photodetectors for Imaging Applications
    EU-FP7 Marie-Curie Career Integration Grant
    September 2011 – September 2014
  • INDIXI - Inkjet printing of integrated organic optolectronic devices: from molecular design to a digital X-ray imager
    Cariplo Foundation, Advanced Materials Grant 2011
    April 2012 – October 2014

Start-ups and Joint Labs

Start-ups and Joint Labs

IIT People

Openings

IIT Publications List

Pubblicazioni
2021
Perinot A., Giorgio M., Mattoli V., Natali D., Caironi M.
Organic Electronics Picks Up the Pace: Mask-Less, Solution Processed Organic Transistors Operating at 160 MHz
Advanced Science
2020
Viola F.A., Brigante B., Colpani P., Dell'Erba G., Mattoli V., Natali D., Caironi M.
A 13.56 MHz Rectifier Based on Fully Inkjet Printed Organic Diodes
Advanced Materials, vol. 32, (no. 33)
2020
Sharova A.S., Melloni F., Lanzani G., Bettinger C.J., Caironi M.
Edible Electronics: The Vision and the Challenge
Advanced Materials Technologies
2020
Massetti M., Bonfadini S., Nava D., Butti M., Criante L., Lanzani G., Qiu L., Hummelen J.C., Liu J., Koster L.J.A., Caironi M.
Fully direct written organic micro-thermoelectric generators embedded in a plastic foil
Nano Energy, vol. 75
2019
Luzio A., Nubling F., Martin J., Fazzi D., Selter P., Gann E., McNeill C.R., Brinkmann M., Hansen M.R., Stingelin N., Sommer M., Caironi M.
Microstructural control suppresses thermal activation of electron transport at room temperature in polymer transistors
Nature Communications, vol. 10, (no. 1)